Significance, concept, and shape scope of educational psychology:
Psychology in education is an attempt to recognize and draw on four features that we believe are now of major importance as regards the contribution of psychology to education.
First is the brooding or what might be called the coming of age of research in child development
First is the brooding or what might be called the coming of age of research in child development. Thus the growth years are seen in larger and more consistent perspectives and longitudinal studies that the growth of individuals, sometimes from infancy into adulthood, have revised certain earlier concepts as in showing personality correlates of “early” and “late “maturity and possible substantial influence of environment on the growth of ability.
A second feature of the psychology educational
A second feature of the psychology education presents is the seemingly hetero-genius mass of material on learning. some educators have proceeded from recognizing individual dynamics in learning to advocating curricular content and methods that are sometimes so highly personal to each pupil in each class and for each teacher that except when teachers have been especially adaptive and clever, the public and even the schools have been confused as to each pupil as to just what was or should be happening. Increasing emphasis has been put on the social aspects of learning.
The third feature of the current education
The third feature of the current education seen to which psychologists have been major contributors is the trend towards greater individualization of educational work so that optimal stimulation is provided to each pupil to foster his total development.
This specialist aid in three ways
This specialist aids in three ways: consulting with the teacher on psychological difficulties, and arranging educational experiences of types not ordinarily provided by curricula. When such specialists are available the teachers should not what services they can render and how to coordinate their efforts with theirs. When these specialists are unavailable, a teacher should know enough about these types of services to enable him to do at least something for such pupils.
A fourth feature
A fourth feature, although of increasing potential teacher values, can be touched on only briefly. Longitudinal studies of individuals are being continued from childhood into their twenties and beyond. For example, Lehman’s studies on the age of achievements. Gerontologists are studying old age and seeking antecedents of problems that arise during this period. Adult education is important and growing movement in the research on adult life and its problems teachers should find helping and standing for themselves. Perspectives may then be gained on the total human development and change, and the outcome and goals of education.
Modern education is described as education because it has been engulfed and is developed by a psychological approach and true scientific interpretations of educational problems and solutions.
Role of Educational Psychology in Education:
In short educational psychology is helpful in the following ways.
1. It assists the teachers to know the education.
2. It proves useful in the method of teaching.
3. It discusses the nature of learning theories and types of learning for different age levels and situations.
4. It helps to understand the significance of individual differences in children.
5. It helps the teacher in providing educational and vocational guidance to his pupils.
6. It makes educators more scientific in their educational practices.
7. It enables to change the look and attitude of teacher toward his pupils and makes him more responsive to their needs.
8. It helps the teacher in his mental adjustments.
9. It develops confidence in the teacher by equipping him with adequate knowledge needed for the profession.
Various methods of educational psychology:
Educational psychology is being enriched by the method employed by various systems of psychology .educational psychology uses a scientific method for the study of man. the main characteristic of scientific methodology is as given.
- Assumed that a universe is an ordinary place where cause and effect relationship works
- Uses experimentation for gathering data.
- Employs devices, tools, and apparatus to ensure exactness and objectivity educational psychology uses this methodology for the study of men.
Some important method used by educational psychology is as follow:
- Clinical methods
- Psychological methods
- Experimental methods
- Different methods
The clinical method is a direct result of the finding that each individual is different from another and is there for a separate case clinical methods employ both diagnosis and treatment.
Psycho-physics is the science that investigates the quantitative relationships b/w physical events and corresponding psychological events or investigations of quantitative relationships b/w stimuli and responses.
An experiment involves hypothesis testing under rigidly controlled conditions. The hypothesis for the experiment involves an independent variable and at least one dependent variable.
The differential methods employ individual differences as variables of investigation. The investigations select his subject according to certain criteria and then compare their growth and performance in the light of the criterion. For example, investigators may select his subjects based on intelligence and compare their achievements in various school subjects.
Important Links and resources:
Presented by: Hussain Ali Harri
Prepared by: Meher Bano Harri
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